How to Avoid Catching a Nasty Norovirus on the Road
is sometimes called the stomach flu, although
it is not related to the flu (a common respiratory illness
cause by the influenza virus). Seven cruise ships from North
American ports have reported gastrointestinal outbreaks
to the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
since January 1. Last year, 28 ships had a total of 36 outbreaks,
which the CDC defines as illness rates of 3% or higher among
passengers or crew. This week alone, three ships
Holland America Line's Veendam and Ryndam and Royal Caribbean's
Empress of the Seas are reporting outbreaks affecting
between 4.4% and 21% of passengers.
caused by noroviruses
symptoms: vomiting, diarrhea, some stomach
common symptoms: low-grade fever, chills, headache,
muscle aches, nausea, and tiredness
Shown Above :
a common respiratory illness cause by the influenza
illness often begins suddenly, and the infected person
may feel very sick. Normally the illness lasts about one
to two days. Children often vomit more than adults.
noroviruses are found
are found in the stool or vomit of infected people and
on infected surfaces that have been touched by ill people.
Outbreaks occur more often where there are more people
in a small area, such as nursing homes, restaurants, catered
events, and cruise ships.
noroviruses are associated with cruise ships
officials track illness on cruise ships. Therefore,
outbreaks are found and reported more quickly on a cruise
ship than on land.
living quarters may increase the amount of group contact.
passenger arrivals may bring the virus to other passengers
noroviruses are spread
can become infected with the virus by:
infections are not usually serious
are highly contagious, but infections are not usually
serious. People may feel very sick and vomit often or
get diarrhea, becoming dehydrated if lost liquids are
not replaced. Most people recover within one or two days
and have no long-term adverse health effects.
to do if you get norovirus
the medical staff of your illness. Drink plenty of fluids.
Wash hands often.
to prevent getting and spreading noroviruses
hands often. Wash hands after using the bathroom or
changing diapers and before eating or preparing food.
Wash hands more often when someone in your home is sick.
For hand washing tips click the following link: www.cdc.gov
shaking hands during outbreaks.
alcohol-based hand sanitizer along with handwashing.
more information, visit www.cdc.gov